Lotus seeds are generally called as Makhana in India. It is also known by the names of Gorgon nut, Euryale Ferox, and Fox Nut. These belong it Indian Sub-continent and gradually made its way to the South Asian Countries as well. People have been cultivating this plant for more than 3000 years now. The white starchy seeds of lotus are generally shelled, dried and then sold to the market. It usually is found in the lowland ponds of India, China, Russia, Korea and Japan. The best climate for the growth of Makhana is the cold winters, dry and hot summery weather. In India, it is predominantly available in Bihar.
Makhanas are a good source of potassium, thiamine, manganese, protein, carbohydrates and sodium. These are low in cholesterol and also contains the essential dietary fibers along with calcium and phosphorus. Makhana comes with certain medicinal properties and is beneficial for bone health as well.
Usage in Indian Kitchen
In India, people consume makhana during their fasts. It is used as a major ingredient in many sweet dishes and cuisines. Some people love to roast them like popcorns and sprinkle them with salt and chilly before eating. Makhane ki Kheer, Makhane ka Raita and Makhana curry sabzi are certain dishes with Makhana as their central ingredient. In China, it is used to cook soups and be used as traditional Chinese medicine.
Health Benefits of Makhana
- The enzymes present in Makhana obstruct the aging process.
- The Low Glycemic Index keep the body energetic for the entire day.
- Helps in weight loss as the lower GI makes you feel full.
- It is used as an alternative medicine and prevents excessive urination.
- Consuming Makhana helps in controlling insomnia.