Goan Cuisine

 

 

 

 

Goan Cuisine comes from the state of Goa, which is a world famous holiday destination on west coast of India. Goan Cuisine has a huge influence from Malvani Cuisine (Konkani Cuisine) due to regional proximity. Rice, seafood, coconut, kokum, vegetables, meat, pork and local spices are some of the main ingredients in Goan cuisine. Goan Cuisine is mostly sea food, influenced by its Hindu origins, years of Portuguese colonization, the Muslim rule that preceded the Portuguese, Catholic communities and habitats.

The Portuguese introduced potatoes, tomatoes, pineapples, guavas, chilli pepper and cashews from Brazil to Goa and consequently India. None of these ingredients were used in Goan cuisine before the advent of the Portuguese. The Portuguese also introduced beef and pork to the converts of Catholicism, which is still considered a taboo by the Hindu community of Goa region.

A few popular dishes in Goan Cuisine are:

  • hooman refers to fish curry served with steamed rice
  • ambot tik refers to a sour curry dish made with fish
  • dhabdhabit refers to a spicy dish made of dry fish
  • udid methi / uddamethi refers to a curry dish made with fenugreek and fish
  • kismur refers to a side dish made with fish, onion and coconut
  • dangar refers to a snack dish like cutlets made with fish
  • kalputi refers to a dish made of large fish head along with onions, oil, garlic, ginger and coconut
  • varan refers to a dish made of lentils with coconut milk, mustard seeds, asafoetida, chillies and curry leaves
  • tondak refers to a dish made of beans, vegetables and cashews
  • solachi kadi refers to a spicy curry made of kokum and coconut
  • patoli / patoleo refers to a sweet dish made with rice, jaggery, grated coconut steamed in turmeric leaves
  • bebinca / bebik refers to a sweet dish made of coconut milk, eggs, butter and jaggery
  • pork vindaloo refers to a curry dish made of pork, aloo, vinegar, ginger, garlic, cumin and chillies
  • rava fried fish refers to a dish of fish fillets flavored with ginger, garlic, red chillies and coriander
  • chicken cafreal refers to a curry dish made with chicken marinated with spicy paste, vinegar and rum
  • karanji / goan nevri refers to a sweet dish like balls made of flour, coconut, sugar, almonds and cardamom
  • fenni / goan fenni refers to an alcoholic drink made with cashew apples which are crushed and fermented. Sometimes this fenni is also made from coconut, but is less popular
  • sanna refers to a dish made of coconut, finely grounded rice flour, toddy which is fermented and steamed
  • prawn balchao refers to a dish made of prawns like a pickle with tangy sauce with onions, spices and oil
  • dodol refers to a sweet dish made of rice flour, jaggery, coconut milk and cashews
  • chamuca refers to a snack dish which is similar to a samosa
  • croquettes refers to beef cutlets and beef potato chops
  • chourico refers to a pork sausage
  • feijoada refers to a stew dish made of meat, beans and cabbage served with orange slices and rice
  • ros omelet refers to an omelet made in chickpea gravy served with goan bread
  • khatkhatem refers to a curry dish made of mix of vegetables
  • moongacho gathi refers to a curry dish made of green grams, oil, onions and spices
  • shagoti refers to a vegetarian dish made of onions, beans, carrots, cauliflower, green peas, coconut and spices
  • alle belle refers to a sweet dish made of cashews, maida, eggs, castor sugar, sunflower oil, milk, coconut, jaggery, raisins and salt
  • kulkul refers to a sweet dish made of flour and coconut cream
  • mussel rawa fry refers to a snack dish made of mussels deep fried in rawa batter
  • caldeirada refers to a fish stew made of variety of fishes mixed together
  • perad refers to a dish made of guava jam or guava paste
  • bolinha refers to a cookie dish made with butter and coconut
  • chana doce refers to a sweet dish made of chana, sugar / jaggery and almonds
  • vatanyachi bhaji refers to a breakfast dish made of green peas, banana flowers and coconut milk
  • ukadem xitt refers to a rice dish made with goan red rice