Ayurveda is considered as “Science of life” translating from “Ayuh (r)” as life and “Veda” as a science. Ayurveda understands health as a reflection of a life living in harmony with nature and when this harmony gets disturbed, disease arise. Ayurveda is an oldest surviving medical system in the world dating back almost 5000 years and is still persistent effectively due to its healing properties that enhances longevity. It has evolved from the quest for a deep understanding of creation and maintenance of life, perceived and conceived by the rishis (sages) of ancient India. Our ancient ayurvedic texts refers to the transmission of this medical science from gods to sages, then from sages to human physicians.
Dhanvantari is considered the Indian god of Ayurveda who himself has incarnated as a king in Benaras (Varanasi / Kashi) and has taught this medical science to a group of physicians. One among them is Sushruta, who has written a large volume text named “Sushruta Samhita” on his learning from the god Dhanvantari. Sushruta is considered as the father of Indian ayurveda for his expertise in the subject and his medical therapies which include complex human surgeries with usage of customized tools way back in ancient era.
According to Ayurveda, each living being has a unique mix of three body principals that constitutes our mental, physical and spiritual well-being. It states that a person’s mental, emotional and spiritual being are interconnected and any kind of imbalance between them results in various health diseases and disorder’s. These three principals are known as doshas, which are further classified as Kapha, Pitta and Vatta. Each individual has different kind of doshas regulating his / her health and well being. These three doshas are explained further as follows:
Kapha governs all structure and lubrication in the mind and body. Kapha is the principle that holds the cells together and forms the muscle, fat, bone and sinew. It controls weight, growth, lubrication for the joints and lungs and formation of all the seven tissues i.e. nutritive fluids, blood, fat, muscles, bones, marrow and reproductive tissues. Kapha helps a person to build an excellent stamina, but when it goes out of balance it can also cause the diseases like overweight, excessive sleep, diabetes mellitus, asthma and depression.
Pitta dosha controls digestion, metabolism, and energy production and its primary function is transformation. Those with a predominance of this Pitta dosha have a fiery nature, have a lustrous complexion, perfect digestion, abundant energy, and a strong appetite. When out of balance, Pittas dosha people suffer from skin rashes, burning sensations, peptic ulcers, excessive body heat, heartburn, and indigestion.
Vatta dosha is known to govern all the movements of mind and body. It controls the blood flow for elimination of waste and harmful toxins, breathing, and flow of thoughts in the mind and feeds the creativity within you. If the Vatta dosha is balanced, person feels energetic, enthusiastic and lively, but the moment it becomes imbalanced, it leads to problems like constipation, hypertension, fatigue, digestive challenges and restlessness.
Ayurvedic Herbs – Medicines & Home Remedies:
In ancient times rishis (sages) conducted detailed experiments and observations on these herbs. This is to arrive at a conclusion regarding the accuracy of their medicinal values and effectiveness in treating ailments. They are formulated using a mix of herbs, plants, oils and spices. Apart from timely cure, ayurvedic herbs also provide permanent relief from diseases by removing the toxins from body. Ayurvedic home remedies are safe, natural, free from side effects and they cure the diseases form the root effectively and permanently.